HIV & AIDS – signs, symptoms, transmission, causes & pathology

HIV & AIDS – signs, symptoms, transmission, causes & pathology

HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, is a virus that targets cells in the immune system. Over time, the immune system begins to fail which is called immunodeficiency, and this increases the risk of infections and tumors that a healthy immune system would usually be able …

Mitral Valve Stenosis Explained Clearly – Pathophysiology, Symptoms, Treatment

Mitral Valve Stenosis Explained Clearly – Pathophysiology, Symptoms, Treatment

okay well to another MedCram lecture we’re going to talk about mitral stenosis we’re talking about the features the symptoms the physical diagnosis the diagnosis treatment and when to do surgery on mitral stenosis so almost all mitral stenosis is related to rheumatic heart disease …

Laryngitis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Laryngitis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

With laryngitis, “laryng-” refers to the larynx and “-itis” refers to inflammation. So, laryngitis is inflammation of the larynx, something that especially affects children. It’s further classified into acute if it lasts less than three weeks, and chronic if it lasts more than three weeks. …

Crohn’s disease (Crohn disease) – causes, symptoms & pathology

Crohn’s disease (Crohn disease) – causes, symptoms & pathology

Crohn’s disease, now more frequently referred to as Crohn disease, is an inflammatory bowel disease that, well, causes inflammation of the bowel. Unlike its cousin, ulcerative colitis, which only affects the large intestine, Crohn disease causes inflammation and tissue destruction anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract, …

Panic disorder – panic attacks, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

Panic disorder – panic attacks, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

I’m sure you’ve heard someone say or joke about “having a panic attack,” but panic attacks are very real situations where someone has a sudden period of intense fear or discomfort that something bad’s going to happen, and that there’s some imminent threat or danger. …

Celiac disease – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

Celiac disease – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

It’s becoming more and more common to see things like “gluten-free pizza” or “gluten-free buns” at restaurants, grocery stores, or other food-based businesses. This is partly because there’s this increasing recognition, awareness and diagnosis of a disease called celiac disease, sometimes called celiac sprue, and …

Helicobacter pylori

Helicobacter pylori

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Helicobacter pylori, or H. pylori for short, is a …

Peptic ulcer disease – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Peptic ulcer disease – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Peptic refers to the stomach, and an ulcer is …

Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

The ear can be broken into three sections. The first is the outer ear which is the part you see called the pinna as well as the ear canal. Next is the middle ear, which is a tiny chamber that houses the tiny ear bones—the …

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) – causes, symptoms, risk factors, treatment, pathology

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) – causes, symptoms, risk factors, treatment, pathology

Irritable Bowel Syndrome, or IBS, describes a pattern of recurrent bouts of abdominal pain and abnormal bowel motility causing things like constipation or diarrhea, or a mixture of the two, and often times the abdominal pain improves after a bowel movement. Although it sounds similar, …