GERD – Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease or Gastric Reflux, Animation.

GERD – Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease or Gastric Reflux, Animation.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease – GERD, or gastric reflux disease, is a chronic condition where stomach acid flows back up and damages the mucosa of the food pipe – the esophagus. At the junction between the esophagus and the stomach is the lower esophageal sphincter – …

Swallowing Reflex, Phases and Overview of Neural Control, Animation.

Swallowing Reflex, Phases and Overview of Neural Control, Animation.

Swallowing, or deglutition, is the process by which food passes from the mouth, through the pharynx and into the esophagus. As simple as it might seem to healthy people, swallowing is actually a very complex action that requires an extremely precise coordination with breathing since …